O. Andriyenko


The article is devoted to the historical investigation of the peculiarities of gender stratification in Pomor traditional culture. The methodological background of the research consists of the historical, systematic and dialectical approaches. It has been concluded that the models of male and female behavior of Pomors were formed in difficult natural and climatic conditions. The most characteristic features of the masculine model were: fearlessness, love of freedom, focus on individual success (due to the absence of state paternalism and seafaring), determination, inclination to take risks, and the ability to make extraordinary decisions. Pomor boys early became independent of the family. The social prestige of girls and women increased with the consolidation of the agrarian traditions of the life of the Pomors.

Key words: Pomors, Gender, Society, History, Culture, Russian North.   

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